Five years after Libya’s dictator Muammar Gaddafi was deposed in a popular revolution, the country remains trapped in a spiral of deteriorating security, economic crisis, and political deadlock. Political elites, unable to agree on even a governmental structure, deploy armed militias to control territory and economic assets. An additional challenge comes from ISIS and other violent extremists exploiting the situation to expand operations in Libya. Major problems and challenges faced by the population are violence, political instability, poverty and discrimination. The instability and violence, negatively affecting Libya since October 2014, has resulted in massive internal displacement. As a response, IOM focuses on the capacity building of governmental and non-governmental entities from local NGOs and civil society organizations through a wide range of trainings and programs to scale up their capacities to be able to respond to the increasing humanitarian needs in the country.